Trees are dynamic, self optimizing organisms that develop in balance with their environment above and below ground, generally contributing to the amenity value of its surroundings. Health and welfare of the trees is constantly under an impact of natural forces, physiological stresses, human activities, damages caused by severe weather, pests or diseases, demolition and construction of buildings all potentially affecting the growth and structural integrity of trees.
The need for tree work will sometimes become self evident to tree owners based on particular circumstances, however when specifying tree work and deciding on the extent of any operation, there is always a need to take into account the effects of the work on long term growth and future management needs of the tree.
There are variety of tree operations and services that we offer, from pruning, felling, tree dismantling, stump grinding, strimming to vegetation management, all of which are briefly described below. All arisings derived from the tree during tree surgery operations such as parts of stem, branches, bark and other woody materials including foliage will be cleared off site unless otherwise requested by the customer.
There are many excellent reasons to plant trees, so deciding which benefits matter most will help you choose the right species and planting plan. What would you like to achieve?
Whether it is planting a single tree or a large scale commercial planting, whether you would like to help your environment and offset the carbon footprint just that little bit, whether you would like to mark an important life event or just simply love trees, we are here to help.
We offer comprehensive tree planting service from choosing the right species, to supply, planting and aftercare maintenance to ensure high success rate and establishment of newly planted trees.
Predator P38X is a machine designed for cutting away a tree stump from above ground level to below ground level with specifications of a large grinder yet cleverly designed in a compact unit. It has 54 inch swing, 18 inch cutting depth and 30 inch cutting height yet fitting through 2’6 gateways thanks to the variable track system. It combines industry leading design with raw, American brute power, with 38 horse power it grinds with a near unimaginable pace for such a compact unit. This machine is also rated to climb slopes up to 11 degrees which can be beneficial in elevated or sloped areas whether its tight backyards or public parks.
The machine is used to remove stumps after tree cutting operations where it is either diseased and can pose a risk of infection to other vegetation, if it causes an obstruction in any way such as new lawn or driveway being installed, prevents from construction or a new planting is to take place in the existing location.
Formative Pruning The main aim of formative pruning is to produce a tree which in maturity will be free from any major physical weaknesses and which will complement the management objectives for the site. The purpose of formative pruning is to manage the tree into developing a suitable and strong branch structure, sturdy taper in the stem and generally a desired pattern of growth. The potentially weak unions in young trees need to be managed by correct pruning so that only one dominant stem or branch continues to grow from such a union. Failure to manage co-dominant leading shoots by lack of formative pruning might lead to compression fork weaknesses and necessitate premature felling as the tree may pose hazard to its surroundings. Many problems can be avoided by correct pruning to foresee any future failures.
Crown Thinning and Selective Branch Removal Crown thinning involves removing a number of secondary branches producing a balanced crown structure without altering the overall size or shape of the tree. The technique allows for improved light through reducing the density and might reduce the sail area however not into the extent of a crown reduction. Thinning in general doesn’t reduce the size – dimensions of the crown – removing branches back to the trunk allows for the wind to pass through more freely.
Branches should be individually removed or shortened if a need is clearly established. If such work is necessary, the amount of material to be removed and the diameter of pruning cut should be the minimum required for the purpose to encourage occlusion of the wound. If selective pruning is assessed as adversely affecting the overall stability of the tree, additional pruning should be undertaken. Specific objectives might include the removal or shortening of branches on one side of the crown interfering with buildings, landscape features or other structures, or the removal or shortening of branches that would otherwise probably fail. Selective branch removal can prevent more serious failure, it provides clear structures, maintain sufficient weight distribution, and minimizes the exposure of tissue.
Crown Lifting The crown lifting operation involves removal of lower branches to achieve a stated vertical clearance above ground level or other surface, or if the branches are causing obstruction to pedestrians, vehicles or street furniture. Crown lifting should preferably not result in the removal of more than 15% of the live crown height. Also, the remaining live crown should make up at least two-thirds of the height of the tree as stated in BS 3998: 2010.
Crown Reductions and Reshaping A tree has a large sail area held upright high into the air by a tapered stem, constantly adding a mass in the form of growth. Operation that results in an overall reduction in the height and/or spread of the crown of a tree by means of a general shortening of twigs and/or branches, whilst retaining the main framework of the crown is called crown reduction. A a result the reduction in the crown size reduces the sail area and provides tree with a greater stability when it comes to adverse windy weather. Crown reductions can also provide more light and reduce the size of the tree especially if in close proximity to buildings and other objects.
Dead Wooding The dieback and branch shedding are natural process within the development and ageing of trees, and provide essential habitats or places of shelter. However in certain circumstances dead branches can pose an unacceptable risk to people or property and therefore can be carefully shortened or removed, to prevent a risk of injury. Apart from the safety factor, process of dead wooding can enhance the amenity value of a tree and be more aesthetically pleasant to its surroundings. Any works carried out are in accordance with current practices and tree species are considered including any protected wildlife habitat being present.
Epicormic Growth removal Due to environmental stresses trees can respond by initiating branch/bud or shoot growth on a mature woody stem or branch. Some species are more prone than others, however for aesthetical reasons these can be removed, if causing an obstruction or interfere with its surroundings.
Pollarding Pollarding is a process of removing a large part of the crown of an immature/young tree to influence the future structural formation in cyclic intervals to achieve a specific objective. In an urban tree environment it reduces the risk of damage by tree limbs growing into the path of vehicular traffic and the reduction of subsidence to buildings. A tree generally responds to pollarding by building a dense mass of woody fibres – knuckles. This mass resists decay and effectively divides the vigorous juvenile growth from the aging stem.
When a decision is made to remove the tree completely and relevant documentation is obtained (applies to trees in Conservation Areas and with Tree Preservation Orders) a tree can be felled in one piece or dismantled in sections. Straight felling in one piece means removing a tree as a single unit and it is appropriate in situations which pose no risk of damage to any property, people or protected species. In such instances, use of specialist equipment such as winches are used to guide the direction of fall and to reduce any associated risks.
If a straight felling is not an option due to presence of restrictions such as buildings, lack of space, other trees in vicinity or people a tree is dismantled carefully in sections and appropriate steps and precautions are taken to minimize damage from falling branches or large pieces of wood.
Hedge Cutting and Trimming Hedges whether newly planted or established for couple of years require formative pruning being carried out usually in winter or spring. After the initial period, maintenance trimming is carried out, usually once a year for informal hedges and twice or more a year for formal hedges.
Grandview Gardens offer a hedge cutting service either as a one off pruning visit or as a regular maintenance, also the hedges can be removed completely including the roots to allow for a new development, extension or a new fence to be put in.
Trimming Trimming, vegetation management and site clearances are amongst other services that we provide to help you manage smaller or large areas that become overgrown and need bringing back to manageable state. We have a range of specialized commercial equipment that allows us to work on steep banks, grass lands, industrial sites and any size gardens tackling areas covered in bramble, wild plants, nettles and small shrubs working in safe and efficient manner. Our customers range from estate agents, housing associations, new house purchasers but also any clients having acquired an unruly outside space.
A Tree Preservation Order (TPO) is an order made by a local planning authority in England to protect specific trees, groups of trees or woodlands with present amenity value. An order prohibits the following tree operations such as cutting down, topping, lopping, uprooting, willful damage or destruction of trees with the local planning authority’s written consent. We offer an advise service including consultancy and submission of works intended to be carried out in the format required by the local planning authority to seek a written consent. If a consent is given, it can be subject to conditions which have to be followed. You can obtain more information about your responsibilities as a tree owner on the following link regarding Tree Preservation Orders and Trees in Conservation Areas, alternatively please speak to one of our Arborists for help and advice.
Range of our services consist of advise and reporting on general tree health and condition, presence of pests and diseases, boundary related problems, neighboring disputes over trees, roots, encroachment of vegetation and damage caused, aerial climbing inspections, hazard risk assessments, data collection (species, location, condition, size)
All reports and surveys are carried out by qualified arborists in accordance with current code of practice, law and British Standards and are presented in a clear and concise format.
Firewood logs All our wood comes from trees removed through our domestic and commercial tree surgery operations. It is seasoned, split, and resold as what it is believed to be a carbon neutral fuel source. Only hardwood logs are being sold separating the lower quality soft wood that is not recommended for stoves, log burners and open fires. Contact us about firewood prices, availability and delivery options.
Woodchip Woodchip is a by product of our tree surgery activities by putting smaller branches of your tree through a specialist machine turning these into smaller chunks of timber. These are then used by local riding schools, nurseries, farms, builders, flower borders as the woodchip suppresses the weed growth and assists the water retention in the gardens, and it has also an added benefit of decomposing naturally thus improving the soil structure and helping plant growth. It provides ideal surface coverage to paths, muddy tracks, as an inexpensive alternative to other materials.
Call Outs Our dedicated team responds to urgent queries and emergences operating 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year providing reassurance and expert advice is always available to our customers. Installation of bat boxes, bird boxes, bird feeding stations, rescuing of stranded cats and other animals can be done in eco friendly way with no damage and stress caused to the tree by one of our qualified climbers.